Peace and Conflict ReviewVol 1 No 1 (2006)
Peace & Conflict Review
2006 Volume 1 Number 1
In this issue, the real no 1, of the Peace and Conflict Review we bring you an article from Dr Mahmoud El Zain on what he describes as a “religiously-cloaked ethnic discourse” that has contributed to massive displacement in the Sudan.
We are also offering the most downloaded article from our sister ship, the Peace and Conflict Monitor: an analysis of the role of history in the creation of national identities in Central Asia by Muzaffar Suleymanov.
Future issues will deal with equally problematic issues from Iraq to Ireland to the Middle East. Some of you may have seen the movie in which George Clooney played Fred Friendly who was at the heart of attacking Senator McCarthy's infringements on human rights. Fred Friendly later became head of CBS and is famous for saying it was his job, by presenting key issues to the public, "to make the agony of decision making so intense that you can escape only by thinking."
We, too, via this refereed journal would like to emulate this, at least as far as we can.For those of you who have submitted articles, we will reply as soon as we can, and for those of you who are thinking of submitting articles, the sooner the better. Click on our Guidelines for Contributors -- we look forward to hearing from you.
Submissions to firstname.lastname@example.org
Peace and Conflict ReviewVol 1 No 2 (2006)
Peace & Conflict Review
2006 Volume 1 Number 2
Note on the Second Issue
The struggle for power in Northern Ireland was Britain’s civil war that lasted for a quarter of a century and dubbed “the long war”. From time to time it spilled over to England with increasing ferocity with bombings in London, Birmingham, and Manchester, and included a near successful attempt to wipe out the whole British cabinet in Brighton in 1984. The war is now over, but the pain remains. Much has been written on the war itself and the way it ended, but much less has been written on the uneasy aftermath. In this issue of the Peace and Conflict Review, Ryan Gawn helps to fill the gap. As Gawn argues, dealing with the past in the negotiations would have stymied the peace talks. Now, it seems as though the British government has been taking the lead, but the past weighs all too heavily on the present, and meaningful reconciliation remains elusive. Also this issue, we take up the issue of women war fighters. The general view is that men are the ones who are violent, and that women do not usually serve in combat roles, remaining instead, as they do in patriarchal civil society, in supportive and subordinate roles. However, in many wartime conditions, women do become combatants, as they did in the resistance movements during WWII or as tank commanders in the Battle of Kursk, or in a variety of combat roles during national freedom movements. In many ways, therefore, we should not be surprised that women are just as capable of violence as men – but what lies behind their acceptance of death and willingness to killing others? In her carefully worked article, Katerina Standish addresses this question directly, and explains the unique motivations behind some of the Chechen and Palestine female suicide bombers.
Peace and Conflict ReviewVol 2 No 2 (2007)
Peace & Conflict Review
2007 Volume 2 Number 2
Continuity and Change
The Peace & Conflict Review is pleased to be back online for this 2007-2008 academic year following the retirement of our former editor, Mr. Simon Stander. Thank you for all your excellent work Simon, and best of luck with your future projects.
In this issue, we present three articles from contemporary peace researchers addressing three distinct but interconnected aspects of peace and conflict studies:
Peace Education: Experience and Storytelling as Living Education, Kevin Kester
Conflict Tactics in a Mediation Setting, Linda M. Johnston and Michelle LeBaron
Fiji: Inter-group competitions and in-group fragmentation, Sanjay Ramesh
Peace and Conflict ReviewVol 2 No 1 (2007)
Peace & Conflict Review
2007 Volume 2 Number 1
Long Shadows or National Pragmatism…. A wise Chinese philosopher once said: if you walk a mile with history, it takes twenty minutes; if you walk without history it takes two hundred years. The more the problems of the Middle East and the Levant are discussed the more important the long shadows of history seem. Just how does one balance out the causes that have contributed to the violence in Iraq. How much is history or sectarianism or greed or grievance or a power vacuum desperately requiring filling or Arab idealism or Shi’ite revenge? The weight that one has to give to the murder of ancient leaders has to be measured against contemporary politics and press manipulation. Perhaps, we can allocate a significant weight to unfinished business left over from the Ottoman Empire just as apologists for African violence blame, rightly perhaps, French, British, Belgian nineteenth century colonialism.
Or is the violence in Iraq thoroughly modern with the historical shadows a convenient cover? For Turkey’s part, as B.B. Coskun’s argues in her article “Turkey’s Iraq Policy on the Brink of Civil War”, has a vested interest in a united Iraq on her doorstep in order to avoid any possibility of a separate independent Kurdish state. It also happens that Turkey has the strongest, biggest and most disciplined army in the region. Instability does not augur well for the future. So far Turkey has pussy-footed around US policy in the region. That may not go on forever.
Another article this month is very much in the tradition of EH Carr, the founder of International Relations and English language historian of the Russian Revolution. Maxim Barbashin argues that the failure to understand the true nature of ethno-political conflict arises from the failure of academics and commentators generally to distinguish between information and knowledge and thus failing to develop theory rather than be submerged in ideology. There is too great a tendency for donors and other agencies to set the frame of research and so prevent a real comprehension of the complexities and causal patterns that determine the course and outcomes of ethno-political conflict.
Peace and Conflict ReviewVol 3 No 1 (2008)
Expansion and Reorganization: Ross Ryan
War, Security, and Humanitarian Intervention in the United Nations Reform Agenda: Francesca Musiani
The Peace Process and Prospects for Economic Reconstruction in Kashmir: Debidatta Aurobinda Mahapatra and Seema Shekhawat
Manufacturing Shame: The Danger of Purity: Pandora Hopkins
The Universal Spirit of the Japanese Constitution: Re-Reading Article 9: Kenji Urata
Terrorism and the Mass Media after Al Qaeda: A Change of Course?: Reviewed by Jessica Baran
The Ethics of Climate Change: right and wrong in a warming world" Reviewed by David Chalmers
Violence, Identity, and Poverty: Reviewed by Vicheth Sen
Peace and Conflict ReviewVol 3 No 2 (2009)
What is a Truth Commission and Why Does it Matter? (p 1-14): Eric Brahm
Corporate Complicity in International Human Rights Violations: The Tort of Negligence as a Civil Remedy in Canadian Courts (p 15-31): Craig A. Brannagan
Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Gender, and Peacebuilding in Africa: A Case of Missed Connections (p 32-40): Shastry Njeru
War on Drugs and War on Terror: The Case of Afghanistan (p 41-53): Daniela Corti and Ashok Swain
Political Violence and the International Community Reviewed by: Craig Zelizer
The Separatist Conflict in Sri Lanka: Terrorism, ethnicity, political economy: Reviewed by Clyde Sanger
Peace and Conflict ReviewVol 4 No 1 (2009)
Comparative International Experience with Reintegration Programmes for Child Soldiers: The Liberian Experience (p 1-10): Bosede Awodola
Hurdles to Development: Assessing Development Models in Conflict Settings (p 11-17): Josh Cerretti
Transitional Justice Dilemma: The Case of Cambodia (p 18-36): Virorth Doung and Sophal Ear
Resource Scarcity and the Prevention of Violent Conflicts (p 37-51): Renée Gendron and Evan Hoffman
The Moral Responsibility of the United States: Reading Barack Obama’s Prague Speech (p 52-59): Kenji Urata
President Obama and a Nuclear Weapons-Free World: A Dialogue (p 59-72): David Krieger and Richard Falk
An Asian Perspective on Mediation (p 73-74) Reviewed by: Kevin Avruch
Dirty Wars, Databases, and Indices (p 75-78): Reviewed by: C. Maria Keet